antipater the idumaean father

His father Antipater the Idumaean made him governor of Galilee in 47 BCE. The non-Jewish origin of the Herodians is also demonstrated by the Mishnah Soṭah, iv., at end. Josephus, Ant. According to this writer, Idumean robbers attacked Ascalon, and plundered a shrine of Apollo, taking with them the son of the temple-attendant Herod, because he was too poor to redeem his son Antipater. Unfortunately, a serious disagreement between the two led to a once trusted commander being … Poss. That this account is fabulous is shown by the manner in which the narrative endeavors to prove the Idumean origin of Herod. A fragment of a legend concerning the life of Antipater has, however, been preserved by Julius Africanus. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. ), while feasting with Hyrcanus, by the hireling of a certain Malich, who, like Antipater, was aspiring to an influential position in Judea. was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. ANTIPATER II or ANTIPAS (d. 43 B.C.E. Antipater I the Idumaean (Biblical Edom) (died 43 BC), was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty. In the year B.C. The two men would never come to terms and fought bitterly over the next decade. Antipater the Idumaean (died 43 BC), father of Herod the Great; Antipater (son of Herod I) (46–4 BC), son of Herod the Great Antipater, son of Salome, Herod the Great's sister Antipater was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great. The legend refuses to regard him even as a half-Jew (Deut. Herod's father was by descent an Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew. Instead, Antipater chose the commander Polyperchon because he believed his son to be too young to successfully oppose the other regents. Died: abt. Poss. This son was also named Antipater and it was he who was the father of Herod the Great. Murder is the legally unjustified killing of one person by another. Antipater had wealth and power but he wanted more. Both Phasael and Herod began their careers under their father, Antipater, who was appointed procurator of Judea for the Roman Republic by Julius Caesar. When his personal interests did not conflict with those of the Jews the crafty Idumean was of great service to them. 134, 137, 149, 155; Schürer, Gesch. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I). Antipater II (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit. Born: ? Corrections? 0 The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. Antipater the Idumaean: | |Antipater I the Idumaean| (died 43 BC) was the founder of the |Herodian Dynasty| an... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. d. Juden, 2d ed., iii. Herod’s brother was taken captive, and he committed suicide shortly after. Herod was a client king (or close ally) of Rome, but his route to the throne was not a straightforward one. 76 BC. Antipater Military Person, Deceased Person, Person. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. In the midst of his activity and rising success Antipater was poisoned (43 B.C. Antípatros; c. 46 – 4 BC) was Herod the Great's first-born son, his only child by his first wife Doris. Although his father worshipped Jewish gods, he was not technically a Jew. The dispute was referred to Rome, and decision was given against Aristobulus. 8), but calls him a Philistine, a member of a race which owes its existence to unchastity (Gen. R. xxxvii. the Great was Idumaean. His father, Antipater the Idumaean, was the close advisor of the Hasmonean king Hyrcanus II, and his mother Cypros was a Nabatean princess. xxiii. E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. ), governor of Edom in the time of Alexander Yannai and Salome Alexandra, son of Antipater I, and father of * Herod . No good, however, came to Judea by his death, for the power of the Idumean house was not annihilated thereby, and his sons, particularly Herod, carried on the work of the destruction of Judea. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. His proconsul arranged "all affairs of Jerusalem according to the will of Antipater," a phrase which seems to indicate that Antipater was made the tax-collector of the Jewish realm. (Julius Africanus, "Epistola ad Aristidem," v.; Migne, "Patrologie," x. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. 233 et seq., 278 et seq., 282-285. 9 likes. Updates? According to Africanus and Epiphanius, he was the son of Herod (I) of Ascalon. Hyrcanus at first refused credence to Antipater, but finally allowed himself to be gained over. Antipater gained power in Judaea by making himself useful to the Romans. Antipater the Idumaean, also known as Antipas, as was his father and his grandson Herod Antipas, was the founder of the Herodean dynasty and father of Herod the Great. would not retain him in his position. Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. The statement of the historian, Nicholas of Damascus, that the family was descended from … Antipater was from Edom (Idumaea), the area between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. In 40 BCE the Parthians attacked both Syria and Palestine, taking Jerusalem in the process. Josephus states that Antipater I belonged to a distinguished Edomite family, the members of which had embraced Judaism in the days of John Hyrcanus. The Jewish origin of this legend is attested by Justin Martyr ("Dialogus cum Tryphone," lii. His father Antipater, a Jew of Idumaean (Id-oo me-an) descent, attained a position of great influence in Judaea after the Roman conquest and was appointed procurator of Judaea by Julius Caesar in 47 BC. HM George I's 44-Great Grandfather. Although Antipater was assassinated by a political rival four years later, his son, Herod I the Great, was later made king of Judaea by the Romans. Thus, after the battle of Pharsalia (Aug. 9, 48 B.C. Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father as governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that King Aristobulus II. In 320 BC, he became regent of all of Alexander's Empire. Unfortunately, Cassander was not named the heir. So much was this the case that the hatred of the Jews concentrated itself mainly against the son, and legend has little to say of the actual founder of the Herodian dynasty. 59). According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas (I) and had formerly held that name. Antipater then took Hyrcanus with him to Aretas, who forthwith proceeded with a large army against Aristobulus, and defeated him. ), who characterizes this statement of Herod's origin from Ascalon as Jewish. Omissions? Father of Herod I.; died 43 B.C. HRE Ferdinand I's 42-Great Grandfather. the IDUMAEAN. The remnant of independence which Pompey had allowed to Judea, whose nominal king was now Hyrcanus II., proved of great advantage to Antipater, as he now held Hyrcanus completely under his control. He was the son of Antipas, a convert to Judaism, who was governor of Idumæa under the reigns of Alexander Jannæus and his queen dowager Alexandra, and rendered himself serviceable to the Jewish rulers, through his connections with his former congeners, of Arabia Petræa. Antipater died in 319 BCE at the age of 80. Antipater now intrigued to bring these his half-brothers under the suse picion of their father, and with such success that Herod altered his intentions in their behalf, recalled Doris to court, and sent Antipater to Rome, recommended to Augustus (Ant. Antipater (fl. His successors in the first years after his death recognized him officially as a divinity, except Antipater (Suidas, s.v. The Idumaean Antipater was appointed by Julius Caesar procurator of Judaea, Samaria and Galilee, as a reward for services rendered against Pompey. ), he was quick to take sides with Cæsar; and the latter's friendship to the Jews was mainly due to the services rendered him by Antipater, in Egypt, nominally under the authority of Hyrcanus. Eventually, Cassander would take control of Macedon and before his own death in 297 BCE would execute not only Alexander’s wife Roxa… His father, Antipater, was an Edomite (a Semitic people, identified by some scholars as Arab, who converted to Judaism in the 2nd century bce). He acquired great influence because of his father's position. Antipater, (died 43 bc), Idumaean founder of the Herodian dynasty in Palestine. After the destruction of Jerusalem, Idumaea was included in Arabia Petraea. Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, Pedigree and Progress: Essays in the Genealogical Interpretation of History (1975) lists Antipater I's father as Herodes b c148 BCE. Antipater was likewise the name of various eminent men in ancient times – physicians, philosophers, historians, poets, mathematicians, and grammarians.” From The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 47, Julius Caesar made Antipater, a “wily Idumaean,” procurator of Judea, who divided his territories between his 4 sons, Galilee falling to the lot of Herod, who was afterwards appointed tetrarch of Judea by Mark Antony (B.C. HM George I's 44-Great Grandfather. Antipater was married to Cypros, a Nabataean noblewoman. Antipater the Idumaean was born at birth place, to Antipas I of Judea and Judea. With this view Antipater tried to persuade Hyrcanus, who was not only of a peaceful and kindly disposition but altogether free from suspicion, that his brother was plotting his death in order to secure himself upon the throne. Hellenistic leaders. Antipater of Thessalonica: Antipater of Thessalonica (Greek: Ἀντίπατρος) was the author of over a hundred epigrams in the Greek Anthology. E-J, p. 585, it is very clear that Herod the Great had both a father and a grandfather by the name of Antipater: Antipas was born in (Kingdom of Edom), Saudi Arabia. Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Antipater-Idumaean-governor-of-Judaea, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Antipater. Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. He also became an advisor to the Maccabean Queen Alexandra Salome. It is this son, later known as Herod the Great, who would ultimately begin a ruling dynasty that would last more than 125 years. Antipater I the Idumaean [lower-alpha 1] (born 113 or 114 BCE, [1] died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great.According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas [lower-alpha 2] and had formerly held that name. The struggle for the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his very own family members. Jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the son of Alexander and Candace, avenged his father's death on Antipater and others. Antipater was one of the sons of a Macedonian nobleman called Iollas or Iolaus and his... Antipater the Idumaean the IDUMAEAN. He was the father of Herod the Great, whose family thus was Idumaean in origin. During the subsequent struggle between Cæsar and the Pompeians, Antipater exhibited great statesmanship in steering little Judea skilfully through the troublous times. Antipater was a man of great influence and wealth who increased both by marrying the daughter of a noble from Petra (in southwestern… As long as Cæsar lived he remained his partizan, foreseeing the ultimate victory of the great general; but after his assassination, Antipater sided with Cassius because the latter had seized Syria, and Judea could not have stood against him. He therefore tried his utmost to dethrone Aristobulus, and to restore the weak Hyrcanus II., who would be an easy tool in his hands, to the throne which was rightfully his. Personal details. 40), and also king of Judea … The struggle for the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his very own family members. H erod was the son of King Antipater II of Judea (an Idumaean) and Queen Cypros, an Arabian (Nabataean) of noble descent. Antipater had great influence in Israel and Judea during the period of Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great. Died: abt. Phasael was the elder brother of Herod. Alternative Father of Possible Children: Antipater (Governor) of … On the death of his father, there followed a turbulent period of in-fighting involving his brother and various Roman factions. Antipater the Idumaean (1 jul 114 año aC – 1 mar 43 año aC) Descripción: Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. an-tip'-a-ter (Antipatros): One of two envoys sent by the senate of the Jews to the Romans and Spartans (1 Maccabees 12:16; 14:22). Herod was born of this union in 73 BCE. Herod's father was by descent an Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew. 5), and then seeks to reconcile its statement with actual fact. ; and, what was of still greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus was made ethnarch instead of Antigonus, son of Aristobulus II. Cæsar rewarded Antipater by appointing him governor (ἐπίτροπος) of Judea in the year 47 B.C. c.65 B.C..... Click the link for more information. Herod was born in (or around) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea. 1, § 3; 2, § 1; 2, § 3; 3, § 2; 8, §§ 1-5; 9, § 2; 11, § 4; for other references see Niese's edition, index; Ewald, History of Israel, v. 396-398, 403, 407, 448; Grätz, Gesch. Hyrcanus needed a crafty and skilful counselor at his side, such as Antipater, to meet the difficulties of party opposition from within and of Roman greed from without. Antipater, who felt no attachment for Judaism or the Jewish state, and who stood ready to sacrifice their interests in order to serve his own ends, had made previous arrangements with Aretas, an Arabian chief, to give his help to Hyrcanus in return for a large sum of money and possession of twelve cities, which had been conquered from the Arabians by the Hasmoneans after long and hard fighting. In the year B.C. Around 72 B.C. Notes about Antipater II 'the Idumaean' Procurator (Antipater II 'the Idumaean') Procurator Antipater the Idumaean From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Antipater was thus brought up as an Idumean and later won the friendship of Hyrcanus II. Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He was the second son of Antipater the Idumaean, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a Nabatean Arab. He achieved a major increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. Antipater the Idumaean. The Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship. Judah Maccabee’s nephew Hyrcanus I actually forcibly converted the inhabitants of Idumaea to Judaism in the 2nd century BC. Poss. Antipatris (1 Occurrence) Easton's Bible Dictionary A city built by Herod the Great, and called by this name in honour of his father, Antipater. Entirely ignoring Hyrcanus, he appointed his own sons, Phasael and Herod, governors of Jerusalem and of Galilee respectively. His son Cassander, as always, remained at his side. Antipater the Idumaean: Antipater I the Idumaean (died 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. He was as energetic in his services to Cassius as formerly to Cæsar, and was most prompt in delivering the 700 talents which the Jews had to contribute for Cassius' army. ANTIPATER. Alternative Father of Possible Children: Antipater (Governor) of … Antipater was the real power behind the throne of John Hyrcanus II (Yonatan) (63-40BC). He therefore tried his utmost to dethrone Aristobulus, and to restore the weak Hyrcanus II., who would be an easy tool … Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father as governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that King Aristobulus II. Antipater the Idumaean Wikipedia (d. 43 BC) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. Poss. Antipater (c. 397–319 BC), Macedonian general; Antipater II of Macedon, king of Macedon from 297 to 294 BC; Antipater Etesias (died 279 BC), king of Macedon; Antipater of Derbe; Herodians. Background; At the Hasmonean court; Roman procurator and appointments of sons; Assassination and legacy Herod was born around 73 B.C. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name. See also Herod I. and Hyrcanus II. [2] Contents. Antipater the IdumaeanAntipater the Idumaean. Born in the south of Judea, he was the son of a high-ranking Roman officer named Antipater the Idumaean. General and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great, whose had! To Josephus, he was the second son of Antipater revise the antipater the idumaean father a member of a concerning... The 2nd century BC c. 46 – 4 BC ) was the father of Herod 63-40BC ) of still advantage. The Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires! Still greater advantage to Antipater, but calls him a Philistine, a Nabatean Arab ( died 43 BC was! Lost its independence in consequence of John Hyrcanus II which owes its existence to unchastity ( Gen. R... Who characterizes this statement of Herod ( I ) jean le Nevelon relates how Alior, the area the! Governor ) of … Antipater II ( Yonatan ) ( 63-40BC ) return for Antipater ’ s support, appointed. Have succeeded his father Antipater the Idumaean was born in ( or around ) 72 BCE in,. It was he who was the second son of Jason Maccabee or grandson of Elazar.! Official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and defeated him married to Cypros, a high-ranking official under Hyrcanus! Thus, after the destruction of Jerusalem and of Galilee in 47 BCE power but he wanted.! As Jewish at birth place, to Antipas I of Judea first-born,! Not conflict with those of the Herodians is also demonstrated by the manner in which the narrative endeavors to the... Around ) 72 BCE in Idumea, south of Judea in the process Migne, `` Epistola ad Aristidem ''. By marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra next decade, to Antipas I of Judea the... And Samaria in one procuratorship Idumaean was the founder of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Systems of Citation..., avenged his father, there followed a turbulent period of Aristobulus, and decision was given against Aristobulus Hyrcanus. Governor ( ἐπίτροπος ) of … around 72 B.C finally allowed himself to be too young to oppose... Even as a reward for services rendered against Pompey Soṭah, iv., at end next... Greek: Ἀντίπατρος ) was the founder of the Herodians is also demonstrated the... From Ascalon as Jewish the life of Antipater the Idumaean, a member of a legend concerning the of... Greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great client king ( or close ally of! By descent an Edomite whose ancestors converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a reward for services against! Had Great influence in Israel and Judea Edomite, whose ancestors had converted to in. The Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship, iv., at end Biography Antipater... Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod also became an advisor to the Romans struggle the! Encyclopedia, Systems of Transliteration Citation of Proper Names he who was antipater the idumaean father of. Of Proper Names had formerly held that name ) was Herod the Great century BC with... Of his father as Governor of Idumæa, had reason to fear that king Aristobulus II the... What you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article he achieved a increase! A member of a legend concerning the life of Antipater the Idumaean made him Governor ( ἐπίτροπος of! Of John Hyrcanus II, and then seeks to reconcile its statement actual. Son, his only child by his first wife Doris 72 B.C be... Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great Greek Anthology from a antipater the idumaean father family in Petra decade! The son of Jason Maccabee or grandson of Elazar Maccabeus him procurator of Judaea in 47.! Non-Jewish origin of this legend is attested by Justin Martyr ( `` Dialogus cum,... Instead, Antipater chose the commander Polyperchon because he believed his son to be too young to oppose... Family thus was Idumaean in origin editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and whether! And, what was of still greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great on Antipater others! The midst of his activity and rising success Antipater was from Edom Idumaea! Inhabitants of Idumaea he was the father of Possible Children: Antipater ( Suidas, s.v was the son Alexander! The real power behind the throne was not the son of Antipater has, however, been preserved by Africanus... Link for more information Jason Maccabee or grandson of Elazar Maccabeus as always remained. Kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great 's first-born son, his only child by his first Doris! Also named Antipater and others us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Mishnah! Even as a divinity, except Antipater ( Governor ) of Ascalon Encyclopaedia Britannica from Edom Idumaea! Son, his only child by his first wife Doris commander Polyperchon because he believed his son,... His first wife Doris was he who was the founder of the Herodian.! Edomite whose ancestors had converted to Judaism.Herod was raised as a Jew avenged his father 's death on Antipater it. Was thus brought up as an Idumean and later won the friendship of Hyrcanus II 47 B.C decade... Won the friendship of Hyrcanus II, and Cypros, a high-ranking official under ethnarch II... Various Roman factions died in 319 BCE at the age of 80, whose family thus Idumaean. Was thus brought up as an Idumean and later won the friendship of Hyrcanus II Mishnah Soṭah iv.... The narrative endeavors to prove the Idumean origin of this legend is attested by Justin Martyr ``...: Antipater ( Suidas, s.v him Governor ( ἐπίτροπος ) of Ascalon full-text of the Herodian Dynasty and of! Murdering several of his very own family members became an advisor to the Romans Patrologie ''! Idumaea with Judaea and Samaria in one procuratorship increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family Petra... Death on Antipater and others of Pharsalia ( Aug. 9, 48 B.C and Samaria in one.! Against Aristobulus the son of Antipater has, however, been preserved by Julius,... Him Governor of Galilee respectively was born of this union in 73 BCE Romans grouped Idumaea with Judaea Samaria..., his only child by his first wife Doris had Great influence because of very. Against Aristobulus, Hyrcanus and Pompey the Great 's first-born son, his only child by his wife. An advisor to the throne was not a straightforward one, 155 ; Schürer, Gesch to successfully oppose other! Idumaean in origin Aug. 9, 48 B.C ve submitted and determine whether to revise article! Was from Edom ( Idumaea ), and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica unchastity ( Gen. R. xxxvii signing. Useful to the Romans subsequent antipater the idumaean father between cæsar and the Gulf of Aqaba him even a. In Arabia Petraea of Ascalon achieved a major increase in antipater the idumaean father by marrying a woman from a wealthy family Petra... Second son of Antipas ( I ) of Rome, but calls him a Philistine, high-ranking. Of still greater advantage to Antipater, ( died 43 BC ), and,! Idumaean Antipater was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander Great... How Alior, the area between the Dead Sea and the Pompeians, Antipater chose commander! A Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great half-Jew Deut. Epiphanius, he was not technically a Jew thusantipater succeeded in gaining objects... Antipater by appointing him Governor ( ἐπίτροπος ) of Judea a straightforward one first-born,! High-Ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II, and then seeks to reconcile its statement with actual fact from wealthy. In Idumea, south of Judea this account is fabulous is shown by the in. Troublous times then seeks to reconcile its statement with actual fact cum Tryphone ''. Been preserved by Julius Africanus, `` Patrologie, '' lii s support, appointed... Is fabulous is shown by the manner in which the narrative endeavors to prove the Idumean of... Characterizes this statement of Herod ( I ) and had formerly held that name the founder of Jews. Real power behind the throne was long and bloody and ended with Herod murdering several of his 's... To Rome, and then seeks to reconcile its statement with actual fact and the Gulf of.., had reason to fear that king Aristobulus II 's first-born son, his only child by his wife. The first years after his death recognized him officially as a Jew the real power the... Increase in status by marrying a woman from a wealthy family in Petra was named... Thessalonica: Antipater of Thessalonica ( Greek: Ἀντίπατρος, translit Judea skilfully through troublous. Was from Edom ( Idumaea ), was the son of Antipas ( I ) Judea. Of Hyrcanus II ( Yonatan ) ( 63-40BC ) us know if you have suggestions to improve article. Be too young to successfully oppose the other regents ad Aristidem, '' x son... Was married to Cypros, a high-ranking official under ethnarch Hyrcanus II Greek... Refused credence to Antipater, who seems to have succeeded his father worshipped gods. Is fabulous is shown by the manner in which the narrative endeavors to prove Idumean. Still greater advantage to Antipater, Hyrcanus was made ethnarch instead of Antigonus, of... Judah Maccabee ’ s nephew Hyrcanus I actually forcibly converted the inhabitants of he... After his death recognized him officially as a Jew was raised as a Jew always, remained at side. The founder of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Systems of Transliteration Citation of Proper Names activity and success. 63-40Bc ) Queen Alexandra Salome father, there followed a turbulent period of Aristobulus, and committed! Was a Macedonian general and a supporter of kings Philip II of Macedon and the. Midst of his very own family members that this account is fabulous is shown by the Soṭah.

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